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Belorusy v Karelii. 1940-1944 gg: Dokumenty i materialy

Belarusians in Karelia. 1940-1944: Documents and materials
Minsk: NARB , 2020. 112 p. 25 cm. Soft. ISBN 978-985-6372-89-9. 150 copies.  In Russian
80 years ago, on March 12, 1940, the Moscow Peace Treaty was signed, which put an end to the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940. Finland. They were included in the established Karelo-Finnish SSR. The main problem at that time was personnel. It was planned to solve the problem of labor resources in the territories annexed to the USSR by mass resettlement of people from other regions of the USSR, including from the eastern regions of the Byelorussian SSR. However, the peaceful working life of the settlers was short-lived: on June 22, Germany attacked the Soviet Union, and on June 26, Finland launched military operations against it. By mid-September, after almost three months of fierce fighting, the Finns had managed not only to regain the lands lost in 1940, but also to capture about two-thirds of the territory of East Karelia. According to the order of the occupying authorities, the entire population was divided into "related peoples" and "foreigners". All their property was confiscated from civilians in the camps. In the hastily established concentration camps, the basic conditions of detention of prisoners were not observed. Mass deaths were observed on the grounds of hunger, unsanitary conditions and overwork. On October 26, 1945, a resolution was passed to return the evacuated population from the Karelian-Finnish SSR to their former place of residence. During its implementation, it became clear that some of the Belarusian immigrants managed to return to the BSSR. The topic of the pre-war resettlement of Belarusians in the Karelian-Finnish SSR and their fates during the war is little studied in Belarusian historiography. The introduction of published documents into scientific circulation is intended to facilitate further in-depth research on the topic. The collection includes 79 documents, including 42 from the National Archives of the Republic of Belarus, 13 from the State Archives of the Vitebsk region, 5 from the State Archives of the Minsk Region, 3 from the State Archives of the Russian Federation.
$34.00
Status: in regional stock
[0.233 kg.]
marc21
80 let nazad — 12 marta 1940 h. byl podpèsan Moskovskèi mèrnyi dohovor, postavèvshèi tochku v sovetsko-fènskoi voine 1939—1940 hh.. Sohlasno etomu dohovoru, k Sovetskomu Soiuzu otoshlè raiony Severnoho è Zapadnoho Prèladozh'ia è ves' Karel'skèi peresheek, prèmerno 11% terrètorèè Fènliandèè. Onè bylè vkliucheny v sostav sozdannoi Karelo-Fènskoi SSR. Hlavnoi problemoi v tot moment stala kadrovaia. Reshèt' problemu trudovykh resursov na prèsoedènennykh k SSSR terrètorèiakh planèrovalos' putem massovoho pereselenèia liudei èz druhèkh raionov SSSR, v tom chèsle èz vostochnykh oblastei Belorusskoi SSR. Pereselentsam Sovetskoe hosudarstvo okazyvalo opredelennuiu pomoù'. Vprochem, mèrnaia trudovaia zhèzn' pereselentsev okazalas' nedolhoi: 22 èiunia Hermanèia napala na Sovetskèi Soiuz, a 26 èiunia voennye deistvèia protèv neho razvernula Fènliandèia. K seredène sentiabria posle pochtè trekhmesiachnykh ozhestochennykh boev fènnam udalos' ne tol'ko otvoevat' poteriannye v 1940 h. zemlè, no è zakhvatèt' okolo 2/3 terrètorèè Vostochnoi Karelèè. Muzhskoe naselenèe Karelo-Fènskoi SSR bylo prèzvano na voennuiu sluzhbu, ostal'nye popytalès' evakuèrovat'sia, no eto sdelat' udalos' nemnohèm. 86 119 chelovek okazalès' na zakhvachennoi Fènliandèei terrètorèè. Sohlasno rasporiazhenèiu okkupatsèonnykh vlastei, vse naselenèe bylo razdeleno po etnècheskomu prèntsèpu na «rodstvennye narody» (fènny, karely, ènhermanlandtsy, vepsy, estontsy, mordva) è «chuzhèe» (russkèe, belorusy, ukraèntsy è dr.). Podavliaiuùuiu chast' «chuzhèkh», v osnovnom starèkov, zhenùèn, detei, napravèlè v desiat' sozdannykh kontslaherei V noiabre 1941 h. v laheriakh nakhodèlos' 11 166 chelovek, v mae 1942 h. — 23 984, a na nachalo 1944 h. èkh ostalos' okolo 15 tysiach. U popavshèkh v laheria mèrnykh zhètelei bylo otniato vse èkh èmuùestvo. V naspekh sozdannykh kontslaheriakh ne sobliudalès' elementarnye uslovèia soderzhanèia zakliuchennykh. Na pochve holoda, antèsanètarèè, neposèl'noi raboty nabliudalas' massovaia smert'. V sbornèk voshlè 79 dokumentov, v tom chèsle 42 èz Natsèonal'noho arkhèva Respublèkè Belarus', 13 èz Hosudarstvennoho arkhèva Vètebskoi oblastè.
 
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